Faculty - Xu

Xiaoshan Xu, Assistant Professor

Xiaoshan Xu

Xiaoshan Xu
Assistant Professor

Physics & Astronomy
University of Nebraska–Lincoln
310M Jorgensen Hall
Lincoln, Nebraska 68588-0299
Office: 402-472-6134

Research Interests

"We are interested in complex oxide thin films and their interfaces to the organic semiconductors. The focus on our activities is on the preparation (growth) of new high quality thin film materials and interfaces, and the characterization of their multiferroic and magnetoelectric properties."


  • Zhu Y.Y.; Du K.; Niu J.B.; Lin L.F.; Wei W.G.; Liu H.; Lin H.X.; Zhang K.; Yang T.Y.; Kou Y.F.; Shao J.; Gao X.Y.; Xu X.S.; Wu X.S.; Dong S.; Yin L.F.; Shen J.; Chemical Ordering Suppresses Large-scale Electronic Phase Separation in Doped Manganites. Nature Communications 7, 11260 (2016).
  • Cao S, Zhang X.Z.; Paudel T.R; Sinha K; Wang X.; Jiang X.Y.; Wang W.B.; Brutsche S., Wang J.; Ryan P.J.; Kim J.W.; Cheng X.M.; Tsymbal1 E.Y.; Dowben P.A.; Xu X.S.; On the structural origin of the single-ion magnetic anisotropy in LuFeO3. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 28, 156001 (2016).
  • Lee J.H.; Trugman S.; Zhang C.L.; Talbayev D.; Xu X.S.; Cheong S.W.; Yarotski D.; Taylor A.; Prasankumar R. P.; The influence of charge and magnetic order on polaron and acoustic phonon dynamics in LuFe2O4. Applied Physics Letters 107, 042906 (2015).
  • Cao S.; Paudel T.R.; Sinha K.K.; Jiang X.Y.; Wang W.B.; Tsymbal1 E.Y.; Xu X.S.; Dowben P.A.; The stability and surface termination of hexagonal LuFeO3. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 27, 175004 (2015).
  • Xu, X.S*; Wang, W.B.; Multiferroic hexagonal ferrites (h-RFeO3, R = Y, Dy-Lu): a brief experimental review. Modern Physics Letter B 28, 1430008 (2014).
  • Wang, H.W.; Solovyev, I.V., Wang, W.B.; Wang, X.; Ryan, P.J., Keavney, D.J.; Kim, J.W.; Ward, T.Z.; Zhu, L.Y.; Shen, J.; Cheng, X.M.; He, L.X.; Xu, X.S.∗; Wu, X.F.*; Structural and electronic origin of the magnetic structures in hexagonal LuFeO3. Physical Review B, 90, 014436 (2014).
  • Sun, D.L; Fang, M.; Xu, X.S.*; Jiang, Lu; Guo, H.W.; Wang, Y.M; Yang, W.T.; Yin, L.F.; Snijders, P.C.; Ward, T.Z.; Gai, Z.; Zhang, X.G.; Lee, H.N.; Shen, J.*; Active control of magnetoresistance of organic spin valves using ferroelectricity. Nature Communications 5, 4396 (2014).
  • Lee, J.; Trugman S. A.; Batista C. D.; Zhang C. L.; Talbayev D.; Xu, X. S.; Cheong S.-W.; Yarotski D. A.; Taylor A. J.; Prasankumar R. P.; Probing the Interplay between Quantum Charge Fluctuations and Magnetic Ordering in LuFe2O4. Scientific Report, 3, 2654.
  • Li, S. F.; Zhao, X. J.; Xu, X. S.; Gao, Y. F.; Zhang, Z.Y. Stacking principle and magic sizes of transition metal nanoclusters based on generalized wulff construction. Physical Review Letters 111, 115501 (2013).
  • Guo, H.; Noh, J. H.; Dong, S.; Rack, P. D.; Gai, Z.; Xu, X.S.; Dagotto, E.; Shen, J.; Ward, T Z. Electrophoretic-like Gating Used to Control Metal-Insulator Transitions in Electronically Phase Separated Manganite Wires. Nano letters 13, 3749 (2013).
  • Guo, H.W.; Sun, D.L.; Wang, W.B.; Gai, Z.; Kravchenko, I.; Shao, J.; Jiang, L.; Ward, T.Z.; Snijders, P.C.; Yin, L.F.; Shen, J.; Xu, X.S.*. Growth diagram of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films using pulsed laser deposition. Journal of Applied Physics 113, 234301 (2013).
  • Miller, K.H.; Xu, X.S.; Berger, H.; Craciun, V.; Xi, X.X.; Martin, C.; Carr, G.L.; Tanner, D.B. Infrared phonon modes in multiferroic single-crystal FeTe2O5Br. Physical Review B 87, 224108 (2013).
  • Wang, W.B., Zhao, J.; Gai, Z; Balke, N.; Chi, M.; Lee, H.N.; Tian, W.; Zhu, L.Y.; Cheng, X.M.; Keavney, D.J.; Yi, J.Y.; Ward, T.Z.; Snijders, P.C.; Christen, H.M.; Shen, J.; Xu, X.S.*; Room-temperature coexistence of magnetic order and ferroelectricity in single crystal hexagonal LuFeO3 films. Physical Review Letters 110, 237601 (2013).
  • Wang, W.B.; Wang, H.W.; Xu, X.Y.; Zhu, L.Y.; He, L.X.; Wills, E.; Cheng, X.M.; Keavney, D.J.; Shen, J.; Wu, X.F.*; Xu, X.S.*; Crystal field splitting and optical band gap of hexagonal LuFeO3 films. Applied Physics Letters 101, 241907 (2012).
  • Wang, W.B.; Gai, Z.; Chi, M.F.; Fowlkes, J.; Yi, J.Y.; Zhu, L.Y.; Cheng, X.M.; Keavney D.J.; Snijders, P.C.; Ward, T.Z.; Shen, J.*; Xu, X.S.*; Growth diagram and magnetic properties of hexagonal LuFe2O4 thin films. Physical Review B 85, 155411 (2012).
  • Xu, X.S.; Yin, S.Y.; Moro, R.; Liang, A.; Bowlan, J.; de Heer, W.A.; Metastability of free cobalt and iron clusters: A possible precursor to bulk ferromagnetism. Physical Review Letters 107, 057203 (2011).
  • Sun, Q.C.; Xu, X.S.; Baker, S.N.; Christianson, A.D.; and Musfeldt, J.L.; Experimental Determination of Ionicity in MnO Nanoparticles.  Chemistry of Materials 23, 2956 (2011).
  • Xu, X.Y.; Seal, K.; Xu, X.S.; Ivanov, I.; Hsueh, C.H.; Abu, H.; Yin, L.F.; Zhang, X.Q.; Cheng, Z.H.; Gu, B.H.; Zhang, Z.Y.; Shen, J.; High Tunability of the Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering Response with a Metal-Multiferroic composite. Nano Letters 10, 1265 (2011).
  • Chen, P.; Xu, X.S.; Koenigsmann, C.; Santulli, A.C.; Wong, S.S.; Musfeldt, J.L.; Size-Dependent Infrared Phonon Modes and Ferroelectric Phase Transition in BiFeO3. Nano Letters 10, 4526, (2010).
  • Miller, K.H.; Xu, X.S.; Berger, H.; Knowles, E.; Arenas, D.; Meisel, M.; Tanner, D.; Magnetodielectric coupling of infrared phonons in single-crystal Cu2OSeO3. Physical Review B 82, 144107 (2010).
  • Lee, J.H.; Ke, X.; Misra, R.; Ihlefeld, J.F.; Xu, X.S.; Mei, Z.G.; Heeg, T.; Roeckerath, M.; Schubert, J.; Liu, Z.K.; Musfeldt, J.L.; Schiffer, P.; Schlom, D.G.; Adsorption-controlled growth of BiMnO3 films by molecular-beam epitaxy. Applied Physics Letters 96, 262905 (2010).
  • Xu, X.S.; de Groot, J.; Sun, Q.C.; Sales, B.C.; Mandrus, D.; Angst, M.; Litvinchuk, A.P.; Musfeldt J.L.; Lattice dynamical probe of charge order and antipolar bilayer stacking in LuFe2O4. Physical Review B 82, 014304 (2010).